Harry S. Truman Biography: Harry S. Truman was the 33rd President of the United States, serving from 1945 to 1953. Harry S. Truman was born on May 8, 1884, and died on December 26, 1972.
Harry S. Truman Biography
Harry S. Truman was a life member of the Democratic Party, having previously served as a U.S. Senator from the state of Missouri from 1935 to 1945. Harry S. Truman was chosen as the current President’s companion for the 1944 presidential election.
Harry S. Truman Biography
Harry S. Truman was inaugurated as Vice President in 1945 and served for nearly four months until the death of President Roosevelt.
Now serving as president, Harry S. Truman implemented the Marshall Plan to rebuild Western Europe’s economy and established both the Truman Doctrine and NATO to prevent the spread of communism. He proposed a number of liberal home reforms, but some were enacted by a conservative coalition dominated by Congress.
Harry S. Truman grew up in Independence, Missouri, and fought in France as a captain in the field artillery during World War I. Returning home, he opened a haberdashery in Kansas City, Missouri, and was later elected as a Jackson County official in 1922.
Harry S. Truman was elected to the United States Senate from Missouri in 1934 and rose to national prominence as chairman of the Truman Committee, which aimed to reduce waste and inefficiency in wartime contracts. Soon after he succeeded to the presidency, he authorized the first and only use of nuclear weapons in war. Truman’s administration engaged in an internationalist foreign policy and abandoned isolationism.
He mobilized his New Deal coalition during the 1948 presidential election and won a surprise victory that secured his own presidency.
After the start of the Cold War, Truman oversaw the 1948 Berlin Airlift and the Marshall Plan. When North Korea invaded South Korea in 1950, they received UN approval to intervene in the Korean War. Harry S. Truman did not seek Congressional approval, and as the war ended, his popularity waned. His administration successfully guided the American economy through post-war economic challenges; The expected post-war depression never happened.
In 1948, he introduced the first comprehensive civil rights law. This did not pass, so he issued Executive Orders 9980 and 9981 to introduce racial equality in federal agencies and the military.
Corruption became a central campaign issue in the Truman administration in the 1952 presidential election. Harry S. Truman was eligible to be re-elected in 1952, but decided not to contest because of a weak election.
Republican Dwight D. Eisenhower attacked Truman’s record and won easily. Harry S. Truman went into retirement marked by the establishment of his presidential library and the publication of his memoirs.
It was long thought that his retirement years were financially difficult for Harry S. Truman, resulting in Congress voting pensions for former presidents, but enough evidence eventually emerged that he had amassed considerable wealth after leaving office.
When he left office, Truman’s presidency was heavily criticized, although significant reappraisals of his term have improved his legacy, with historians now ranking Truman among the best presidents in the country.
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Harry S. Truman Career
Harry S. Truman was briefly employed in the mailroom of the Kansas City Star before using his business college experience to get a job as a timekeeper for construction workers on the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway, for which he was employed as a labourer. It was necessary to sleep in the camps.
Harry S. Truman and his brother Vivian later worked as clerks at the National Bank of Commerce in Kansas City.
In 1906, Harry S. Truman returned to Grandview Farm, where he remained until he entered the army in 1917. During this period, he bowed to Bess Wallace. He proposed in 1911, but he turned it down. Truman later said he intended to offer again, but wanted a better income than a farmer could earn.
To that end, during his years on the farm and shortly after World War I, he became active in several business ventures including commerce, a lead and zinc mine near Oklahoma, a company that bought the land, and oil drilling. The rights were leased to the prospectors.  and speculation in Kansas City real estate.
Harry S. Truman sometimes received some income from these ventures, but none proved successful in the long run. Truman is the only president after William McKinley (elected in 1896) who did not earn a college degree.
In addition to briefly attending the College of Business from 1923 to 1925, he took night courses towards the LLB. at Kansas City Law School (now the University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Law), but dropped out after losing re-election as a county judge.
Harry S. Truman was informed by lawyers in the Kansas City area that his education and experience were probably sufficient to obtain a license to practice law, but he did not pursue it as he won election as a presiding judge.
While serving as president in 1947, Truman applied for a law license. A friend who was a lawyer began working on the arrangements, and informed Truman that his application was to be notarized. By the time Truman received this information, he had changed his mind, so he never complied.
After discovering Truman’s application in 1996, the Missouri Supreme Court posthumously issued him an honorary law license.
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